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Manatees (photo by NOAA).jpg

Other Marine Creatures

Marine creatures (other than Cetaceans, Sharks and Rays, Turtles). Includes Seahorses - Billfish - Seals - Sealions - Sea otters - Manatees - Polar Bears - Dugongs - Penguins

African Aquatic Conservation Fund

Senegal and USA

The African Aquatic Conservation Fund is dedicated to the preservation of African manatees, turtles, cetaceans, and other aquatic wildlife and their habitats throughout the African continent. This is done via focused research, conservation, and education projects. The Fund works in close partnership with local people, scientists, governments, and other stakeholders for the benefit of both wildlife and humans.

African Marine Mammal Conservation Organization


AMMCO’s mission is to contribute to the protection of the aquatic megafauna and their habitats in Central Africa by improving the scientific knowledge of the area, and involving fishers and other stakeholders into sustainable fisheries and responsible watershed-use. The four strategies they have adopted include applied research and monitoring, integrated management, awareness and capacity building. In practice this involves conservation of the aquatic megafauna b: Protection, Restoration, Good local governance, Community-based conservation, Alternative livelihood and Advocacy. They aim to develop the advanced skills and experience required in aquatic research, achieved by providing internship, mentorship, and workshops to students and fishermen frequently.

African Penguin and Seabird Sanctuary

South Africa

The African Penguin and Seabird Sanctuary (APSS) is a project of the Dyer Island Conservation Trust. Opened in 2015, the APSS is as a custom-designed marine bird rehabilitation center. As a result of over fishing, by-catch and oil pollution, the population for many of the African endemic species of seabird is at an all time low, and their slow rate of breeding means that their numbers are struggling to compensate. The endangered African penguin colonies of Dyer Island have declined dramatically (almost 90% over 30 years). The APSS was founded to address these issues directly by rescuing, researching, and rehabilitating these unique marine species. The world-class seabird sanctuary in Gansbaai has a fully equipped lab and a vet on standby to treat birds immediately, thereby increasing the survival rate, while at the same time is creating much-needed awareness around the perils marine birds face out in the wild

Bazaruto Dugong and Seagrass Conservation Project


Part of the ongoing Dugong and Seagrass Conservation Project, whereby the capacity of coastal communities is built to implement sustainable livelihoods and conserve dugongs and seagrass, in this instance in Bazaruto Archipelago Region, Mozambique. This project will last from 2021-2024

Billfish Foundation


Billfish Foundation works worldwide to advance the conservation of Billfish & associated species to improve the health of oceans & economies.

BirdLife International


BirdLife International is a global partnership of conservation organisations, which established its Marine Programme in 1997. They work with BirdLife Partner organisations around the world and in the high seas 'to advocate for seabirds and their habitats. We use our strong scientific research and new technologies to identify solutions: how and where to act to save seabirds from extinction.' This includes working with fisheries across the world to prevent bycatch of seabirds and other marine animals. Note that the establishment of Marine Protected Areas is one strategy which protects seabirds.

C3 Philippines


C3 Philippines established its first field station in the Calamianes islands in 2011, focusing on conserving the endangered dugong. It is considered the national lead agency for research and management of the species. C3 has successfully implemented a community-run dugong and seagrass conservation programme which involves local fishers enforcing bans on illegal fishing gear, assisting with Marine Protected Area management and monitoring and feeding back information on dugong sightings to the NGO.

Coral Reef Research Foundation


The Coral Reef Research Foundation (CRRF) is a non-profit organization incorporated in the State of California and the Republic of Palau. Their purpose is to increase knowledge of coral reefs and other tropical marine environments, to contribute to the efforts worldwide to conserve coral reefs and their environments. In addition, their applied marine research takes in oceanography, monitoring climate change in the area, fisheries on the islands, and dugongs

Costa Rica Wildlife Foundation

Costa Rica

CRWF works to ensure the prevalence of wildlife and its habitat through interdisciplinary and community-based stable conservation initiatives. This includes research, education, communication, and marketing, all aimed to produce conservation action to reduce the threats that wildlife is facing. In addition to the many terrestrial based projects, their marine projects include SEACOW which is directed towards the West Indian manatee in the Costa Rican Caribbean and PEZ SIERRA which focuses on the critically endangered sawfish found in the region.

Defenders of Wildlife


Defenders of Wildlife is an environmental group with a marine campaign. They employ education, litigation, research, legislation and advocacy to defend wildlife and its habitat. In each program area, an interdisciplinary team of scientists, attorneys, wildlife specialists and educators works to promote multi-faceted solutions to wildlife problems. Note that Friends of the Sea Otter merged with Defenders of Wildlife in 2020.

Dilmah Conservation

Sri Lanka

Dilmah Conservation was established with the stated purpose ' to extend the Dilmah philosophy of making business a matter of human service, to include the protection of and sustainable interaction with the environment'. To this end, they are involved in many areas of conservation, including a marine programme which focuses on conserving marine habitats (including 'carrying out species diversity assessments, information sharing and working with relevant local and national institutions to ensure conservation of these habitats') and conserving the endangered Dugong via an information dissemination campaign targeting school children and fisher communities in the North of the country, as well as carrying out surveys and information gathering.

Dugong MOU

Abu Dhabi

The Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Dugongs and their Habitats throughout their Range (Dugong MOU) aims to promote internationally coordinated actions to ensure the long-term survival of dugongs and their seagrass habitats throughout their extensive range. The MOU entered into effect on 31 October 2007 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, and has been signed by 26 countries. The Dugong Secretariat developed the Dugong and Seagrass Conservation Project.

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